Established on November 10, 1775, by the Continental Congress, the United States Marine Corps is one of the oldest branches of the United States Armed Forces and continues to carry out both amphibious and expeditionary operations to this day. Ever since the beginning, Marines have relied on firearms in the many conflicts fought throughout our nation’s history. In today’s blog, we’ll be describing a brief history of the firearms used by the United States Marine Corps. If that sounds interesting, keep reading below for more information, or better yet, visit our veteran-owned bar & grill here in Pound, Wisconsin at Article 15 Bar & Grill! See our menu in full here on our website or give us a call at for more information!
The Flintlock Period
From British America to the early days of our nation’s independence, flintlock rifles were king, and this was certainly the case when the Marines were effectively established in 1775. The famed “Brown Bess” rifle was common for many soldiers throughout the Revolutionary War – ironically for both the British Army and the then-Contintental Army. While the branch was still in its infancy, Marines would have used the “Brown Bess” and other flintlock rifles.
Following significant breakthroughs in firearm engineering, most notably the invention of the cap, the Marines would transition into the use of cap rifles during the mid-19th century. The Springfield Model 1855 was one firearm favored by the United States Armed Forces at this time.
With improvements in accuracy and accelerated loading times, bolt action rifles would quickly become the favorite of the U.S. Marines in addition to other branches of the military by the late 19th century. Some examples of bolt-action rifles used include the M1895 Lee Navy Rifle and the Springfield Model 1873. Both rifles would perform well in combat, and be used widely by the military until roughly around the First World War.
M1903 Springfield & M1 Garand (WWI & WWII)
Used by Marines in the First and Second World Wars, respectively, the M1903 Springfield and M1 Garand would be the firearms of choice during these two deadly conflicts.
The Select-Fire M14
While the M1 Garand in particular would become a favorite (even earning praise from General George S. Patton), it would go on to be replaced by the selective-fire M14, which could be fired semi-automatically or fully automatically).
Come Out to Our Veteran-Owned Bar & Grill for a Great Meal
Article 15 Bar & Grill is located in Pound, WI, right off scenic Wescott Lake. Stop in for your next meal or for a drink. See our menu here or give us a call at (920) 897-3253. We look forward to seeing you here!